Cannabis is in into a group of three plants with psychoactive properties known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.
When the flowers of these plants are harvested and dried, you are left with one of the most widely used drugs in the world. Some call it to weed, some weed, and some call it marijuana.
As weeds become legal in many areas, names for them have evolved. Today, more and more people are using the term cannabis to refer to weeds.
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Some argue that this is a more accurate name. Others consider it more neutral compared to terms like weed or pot, which some people associate with its illegal use. In addition, the term “marijuana” is losing popularity due to its racist history.
Cannabis is commonly consumed for its relaxing and sedative effects. In some US states, it is also prescribed for several conditions, including chronic pain, glaucoma, and poor appetite.
Keep in mind that although cannabis comes from a plant and is considered natural, it can still have powerful effects, both positive and negative.
What are the components of cannabis?
Cannabis is made up of over 120 elements known as cannabinoids. Experts are still not sure what each cannabinoid does, but they have a pretty good idea of two of them, known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Each has its effects and uses:
It’s a psychoactive cannabinoid, but it’s not intoxicating or euphoric, which means it won’t lift your spirits. It is often used to reduce inflammation and pain. It can also relieve nausea, migraines, cramps, and anxiety. Researchers are still trying to fully understand the effectiveness of CBD medical applications.
It is the major psychoactive compound in cannabis. THC is liable for the “high” most people associate with cannabis.
What are the short-term effects of cannabis?
Cannabis use can have several short-term effects. Some of them are helpful, but others are more of a concern.
Some of the desirable short-term effects include:
- increased appetite
- altered perception of time and events
- focus and creativity
But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for some people. Side effects may include:
- coordination issues
- delayed reaction time
- increased heart rate
- decreased blood pressure
The short-term effects of cannabis can also vary depending on how you consume it. If you smoke cannabis, you will feel the effects within minutes. But if you take cannabis orally, such as in capsule form or food, it may take several hours before you feel anything.
In addition, cannabis often comes in different varieties. These are loose categories used to refer to the effects of various cannabis products. Here is a brief description of some common strains and their potential impact.
What are the long-term effects of cannabis?
Experts are still trying to fully understand the long-term effects of cannabis use. There is a lot of conflicting research on this topic, and many of the existing studies have only been on animals.
Many more large long-term human studies are needed to fully understand the long-term effects of cannabis use.
Is cannabis legal?
Cannabis is illegal in many places, but more and more areas are starting to legalize it for both recreational and medical use. In the United States, for example, several states have legalized recreational and medical marijuana.
Cannabis laws also vary from country to country. Some allow the use of CBD-only products, while others consider any cannabis use a serious crime. If you want to try cannabis, be sure to check the laws in your area first.